Greetings

This class will be one of the most enjoyable classes you will see on Vampiric Studies. It is however, the longest. It covers the reality and the history of the Knights Templar, with an interesting 'what if ...' at the end. Those famed knights of the Crusades, and of legend and history alike.

Why are we looking at an order of the knights, which still survives today and as it's ancient form, and what does it have to do with vampires?

Well, we shall let you come to your own conclusions about that, but now let us go back many centuries to the days of old and the most famed knights in history.

Who were the Knights Templar?
The Knights Templar were a monastic military order formed at the end of the First Crusade to protect pilgrims traveling on route from Europe to the recently captured city of Jerusalem. Within a couple of decades the group became an order with the backing of both the Pope and the collective European monarchies.

Within two centuries they had become powerful enough to defy all but the Papal throne. Feared as warriors, respected for their piety and sought out for their wealth, there is no doubt that the Knights Templar were the key players of the monastic fighting orders.

Due to their vast wealth, the Templars essentially invented banking as we know it. Usury (the lending of money for interest) was forbidden by the church in those days, but the Templars were able to skirt the issue and finance even kings.

Perhaps due to this wealth or fear of their seemingly limitless powers, they were destined to be destroyed. The order met with a rather untimely demise at the hands of the Pope and the King of France in 1307 and by 1314, The Poor Fellow Soldiers of Christ and the Temple of Solomon ceased to exist.


Although originally a small group of nine knights, they quickly gained fame largely due to the backing of Bernard of Clairveux and his 'In Praise of the New Knighthood'.





Bernard at that time was often called the Second Pope and was the chief spokesman of Christendom. He is also the one responsible for helping to draw up the order's rules of conduct.

In European political circles, they became very powerful and influential. This was because they were immune from any authority save that of the Papal Throne. (Pope Innocent II exempted the Templars from all authority except the Pope.)

After the crusades were over, the knights returned to their Chapters throughout Europe and became known as money lenders to the monarchs. In the process many historians believe they invented the Banking System. The Templars fought along side Richard Coeur de Lion (Richard The Lion Hearted) and other Crusaders in the battles for the Holy Lands.

 

 
The secret meetings and rituals of the knights would eventually cause their downfall . The King of France, Philip the Fair, used these rituals and meetings to his advantage to destroy the knights. The real reason for his crushing the Templars was that he felt threatened by their power and immunity. In 1307, Philip who desperately needed funds, made his move against the Knights Templar.

On October 13th,1307, King Philip had all the Templars arrested on the grounds of heresy, since this was the only charge that would allow the seizing of their money and assets.

 


The Templars were tortured and as a result,
ridiculous confessions were forced from them.

These confessions included:

Trampling and spitting on the cross.
Homosexuality and Sodomy.
Worshipping of The Devil, Baphomet.

 


Philip was successful in ridding the Templars of their power and wealth and urged all fellow Christian leaders to do the same thing.

On March 19th, 1314 the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, Jacques de Molay, was burned at the stake.

De Molay is said to have cursed King Philip and Pope Clement as he burned at the stake, asking both men to join him within a year.

Pope Clement died only one month later and King Philip IV died seven months after that.
 

 
Accusations Against The Order
 

It all started with the arrest of the French Knights by King Philip the Fair on Friday the 13th of October, 1307. What followed was a ridiculous set of accusations against the Brethren of the order.

These accusations were broken into nine basic sets. They are as follows:

 

I. That during the reception ceremony, new brothers were required to deny Christ, God, the Virgin, or the Saints on the command of those receiving them.

II. That the brothers committed various sacrilegious acts either on the cross or on an image of Christ.

III. That the receptors practiced obscene kisses on new entrants, on the mouth, navel or buttocks.

IV. That the priests of the Order did not consecrate the host, and that the brothers did not believe in the sacraments.

V. That the brothers practiced idol worship of a cat or a head.

VI. That the brothers encouraged and permitted the practice of sodomy.

VII. That the Grand Master, or other officials, absolved fellow Templars from their sins.

VIII. That the Templars held their reception ceremonies and chapter meetings in secret and at night.

IX. That the Templars abused the duties of charity and hospitality and used illegal means to acquire property and increase their wealth.

 

 
Included in these charges where those of the Knights consorting with the Devil and a specific deity. Here we look a bit more closely at this aspect of the mysteries and charges against the knights.

Central to the accusations brought against the Knights Templar, was the accusation that, they worshipped an idol named Baphomet, which is said to have taken the form of a head or sometimes a Black Cat.

V. That the brothers practiced idol worship of a cat or a head.

 

That this one aspect of the Templars Mythos, could generate so many theories as to its true origins is amazing. The interest in the Baphomet has survived over 600 years and taken many forms. The opinions on the Baphomet vary greatly from Scholar to Scholar and Mystic path to Mystic path. The purpose of this section is to shed some light on some of those theories and the connection to the Knights Templar.

'Baphomet was the deity worshipped by the Knights Templar, and in Black Magic as the source and creator of evil; the Satanic goat of the witches' Sabbath and one of the names adopted by Aleister Crowley.'

 
 
From the ''Dictionary Of The Occult And Supernatural''
by Peter Underwood

The Popular Image Of Baphomet

The image of the Baphomet is as varied as the explanations of what it means and descriptions of it.

 
  • An idol with a human skull
  • A head with two faces
  • With a beard
  • Without a beard
  • With the head of a cockerel
  • With the head of a man
  • With the head of a goat and the body of a man but with wings and cloven feet
The more popular appearance of the demon, said to be a symbol of lust, degeneration and wisdom.

  • The head of the goat
  • The upper body of a woman (maternity)
  • Cloven hooves
  • A pair of wings
  • A candle on it's head (symbol of revelation) combining male sexual potency with the four elements (pentagram) and intelligence.
 

 
The Templar Connection
 
Theories on what the meaning of the Baphomet are many. By some it is believed to be a corruption of the Moslem word 'Mahomet'. The Templars fought along side Moslem Assassins during their time. Another train of thought is that Baphomet is really a joining of two Greek words meaning absorption into wisdom. In either case the fact remains that the Templars were accused of practicing their initiations and rituals in front of a large idol of the demon Baphomet.

How did this belief come to be?

Since King Philip (the fair?) of France sought to own the vast Templar wealth he, along with his puppet Pope Clement, had the Templars captured and tortured. During these tortures they made many confessions, among these, the disclosure that they had worshipped Baphomet.

Were these claims true?

Perhaps we'll never know.

Jacques de Molay, who had earlier confessed his and the Templars guilt slowly burned at the stake insisting the order was innocent of all but one offense, that of allowing torture to cause them to lie and confess untruths.

 
Baphomet: What's In A Name?
 
Theories surrounding the name Baphomet and what it meant to the Templar Knights are many. Perhaps we will never truly know. Perhaps it never truly existed but rather was put in the mouths of confessors by those torturing them. The following are some of the more common theories proposed and some commentary on each.

A Corruption Of The Name Mahomet (Mohammed)

It is held that the Baphomet was an idol. If we take this as fact, then the word Baphomet as a corruption of Mahomet doesn't hold. This is because, if the Templars followed Moslem beliefs there would be no idols Islam forbids all idols.

A Corruption Of The Arabic Term, Abufihamat

The meaning of the word is Father of Understanding or Father of Wisdom. It is a term used to refer to a Sufi Master. In Arabic, father is taken to mean source. If this is the case, this could imply God. The Templars were quite likely to have come in contact with Sufism while in the Holy Land.

For an interesting theory on The Abufihamet connection you must read Baphomet: A Mystery Solved At Last? by Frater Baraka IV O.T.O.

From The Greek Words, Baph and Metis

The word Baphomet is derived from two Greek words Baph and Metis meaning Baptism of Wisdom. The Templars are said to worship a Head (The Baphomet). One of the theories stands that this head was none other than the head of John the Baptist. If this were true, then perhaps this Greek origin of the term is true also.

Atbash Cipher For The Goddess Sophia

The Word Baphomet was altered by Knowledge of the Atbash Cipher and was actually a representation of the Greek Goddess Sophia.

I wish to give my thanks to Frater Baraka IV of Whiskey Rebellion Camp O.T.O. for his kindness in allowing me to reprint his article and theory on the Baphomet here.

(This article originally appeared in _Annuit Coeptis_, the official publication of Whiskey Rebellion Camp, Pittsburgh PA Ordo Templi Orientis. (C) 1995)

Baphomet: A 'Mystery' Solved At Last?' by Frater Baraka, IV*

Sooner or later every student of either the esoteric or the history of the Crusades encounters the name of an allegedly sinister entity known as 'Baphomet'. Baphomet was said to be the 'god' or 'idol' of the Knights Templar, but has also been described as 'the goat of Mendes', 'the god of the witches', a latter-day version of the Greek god Pan, a symbol of an alchemical principal, and even Satan himself. And while each of these has a following, there is evidence suggesting the possibility that Baphomet's origins are not only not sinister, but human rather than supernatural.

 

 
The 'mystery' of Baphomet begins in 1307 with the demise of the Knights Templar. The military order of 'warrior monks' was founded in 1118 in France after the First Crusade to protect European pilgrims on their way to and from the Holy Land.

For nearly two centuries the Templars grew in size, strength, political clout, reputation (good at first, but bad towards the end), but most of all in wealth, and this would prove to be their undoing. In the early fourteenth century King Philip IV of France, who was deeply in debt to the Templars, decided to not only cancel that debt but seize their wealth and property for himself and having his puppet pontiff Clement V dissolve the order.

To do this, Philip would have to have the Templars convicted of heresy. With 'evidence' gathered from agents who infiltrated the Templars, along with a sworn deposition from a disgruntled ex-Templar on whose testimony his prosecutors could build a case, Philip made his move. Acting on sealed orders they were not to open until the previous midnight, Philip's officials arrested every Templar they could during the dawning hours of Friday, October 13, 1307.

While some of the charges, such as sodomy and desecration of Christian symbols, were obviously silly even to many people at the time, other allegations, such as the chanting of 'Yallah!' (Daraul, 1961), sounded like descriptions of documented Sufi Muslim practices (Khan, 1974). But it is the charge of worshipping an idol called 'Baphomet' that has inspired the most controversy.

 

 
At first, 'Baphomet' was simply a head, and presumably a human one, but under the duress of torture, Baphomet's descriptions became progressively more elaborate and fantastic. Nearly every historian who has written on the subject has dismissed the 'Baphomet' issue as patently false, just one more trumped-up charge against the Templars. However, after studying both the hypothetical and more plausible connections between the Templars, Sufism, and Freemasonry, I have come to the tentative conclusion that the 'Baphomet' matter may have contained a sizable element of truth -- one which the inquisitors certainly distorted, but true nonetheless.

Most of us who have heard of Baphomet first encountered the name in either a history book or the works of Anton Szandor LaVey, whose goat's-head-in-the-inverted-pentagram illustration is supposed to be Baphomet, or else in the works of Aleister Crowley, who equated Baphomet with the Greek god Pan (Crowley, 1974). Crowley even adopted the name 'Baphomet' as his own motto when he joined Ordo Templi Orientis (Order of the Oriental Temple, or O.T.O.). Other occult writers who have discussed Baphomet include nineteenth century authors Eliphaz Levi and Albert Pike, and Baphomet is the model for 'The Devil' in the Waite-Rider and Case-B.O.T.A. tarot decks. Many historians have claimed that the name 'Baphomet' was Old French for Muhammad, whose name is sometimes spelled Mahomet, although Crowley (1989) presented an interesting, but probably coincidental, claim that the name came from a Greek phrase for 'baptism of wisdom'.

The problem with Crowley's case is it overlooks two basic facts about the Templars:

1) as Roman Catholics, Greek names were not that important to them (and to Catholics at the time, the Greek Orthodox Christians were in some ways just as much 'infidels' as the Muslims), and

2) the Templars who lived in the Holy Land, along with the masons they employed, had to deal with the local population on a regular basis, often became fluent in Arabic, and for a European in the Holy Land --Templars included -- to 'go native' was not particularly unusual.

But it was in the pop-history book _Holy Blood, Holy Grail_ that I first came across the idea that 'Baphomet' was derived from an Arabic term, _abufihamet_, meaning 'Father of Understanding', rather than from an Old French name for the founder of Islam. Since that book, although a 'good read', is not one scholars take seriously due to its highly speculative theses, I decided to check their source for this, Idries Shah's _The Sufis_, which contains additional relevant information discussed below.

 
 
For now I tend to favor the Arabic origins over the Old French for the following reasons: first, as an iconoclastic religion, Islam strictly forbids images, either painted or sculpted, of either God or Muhammad, so the idea of even unorthodox Muslims worshipping an idol is simply ludicrous. Second, of those authors I have read who claim that 'any expert on Old French' will say that Baphomet was another name for Muhammad never actually cite any such Old French experts to document this assertion.

One such writer was Peter Partner, who even found a French troubadour ballad from the late thirteenth century and published an English translation, showing parenthetically that 'Bafometz' had appeared in the original French (he had rendered it as 'Mohammed' as if this had somehow proved his point). What Partner had inadvertently done was prove that

a) Baphomet was a known entity before the demise of the Templars, and most likely a person with spiritual power, capable of working miracles (although Islam never credits Muhammad with any 'miracle' other than receiving the Qu'ran), and

b) that Baphomet was known among non-Templars (although Partner believed the ballad's author was an ex-Templar, that troubadour's audience certainly had non-Templars among them), and if Shah is correct in his assertions about Sufic influences on the troubadours, then we have in the ballad Partner quoted possible proof of a link between Sufism and Baphomet. (As for the Templars and the Sufis, not only were there many documented contacts between Templars and Sufis [as well as other unorthodox Muslims such as the Ismailis] during their time in the Middle East, but there were also opportunities for contacts in Europe. France, after all, borders Spain, and during the Crusades Sufism flourished in Muslim-ruled Spain and influenced the early Qabalistic Jews and other mystics on both sides of the border; Robert Graves, in his introduction to Shah's book, even claimed that Templars fought alongside Sufi warriors in Spain. And many Masonic trappings, such as the checkered floor and the tolerance of all monotheistic religions, are at least Islamic in origin if not specifically Sufic.) But in my opinion the strongest support for Baphomet as abufihamet is the number of Arabic sobriquets which begin with abu which belonged to historical individuals rather than esoteric principles.

One such individual was the tenth century Sufi martyr Husayn ibn Mansur al-Hallaj, who died in 922CE. A pantheist, an alleged miracle worker, and a most definitely unorthodox Muslim, Hallaj was imprisoned and tried for blasphemy for his public descriptions of his mystical union with God. Finally convicted after a nine year inquiry, Hallaj was maimed, crucified, beheaded, and his torso was cremated.

Some of the stories surrounding his death include an account of the Caliph's Queen Mother having Hallaj's head preserved as a relic (Singh, 1970). Various Sufi sects have rituals commemorating Hallaj's death, and Shah claimed that Hallaj was the model for the 'Hiram Abiff' character in the Master Mason initiation ritual. Although Shah cited other reasons connecting Hallaj to Hiram Abiff and the sect of Sufis known as 'the Builders' (who built the Al Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock on the site of Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem, which was the Holy Land headquarters for the Templars and the mythical scene of Masonic initiations), Hallaj bore some interesting parallels to the Old Testament's descriptions of Hiram the artificer: first, both men were sons of widows; second, both men had 'sons of David' play key roles in their lives (Hiram worked for Solomon, and one of Hallaj's prosecutors was named Ibn Daud [Massignon, 1994], which is Arabic for 'Son of David'), and third, the Old Testament Hebrew for 'Abiff' is abyu (Kohlenberger, 1987).

Having already encountered writers who hypothesized a connection between the Templars and Freemasonry (which, although plausible, is nowhere near as romantic or fantastic as some, such as John J. Robinson in _Born in Blood_, have claimed), I had already found the first two most interesting, and further investigation of Hallaj, who, according to the medieval Islamic poet and historian Farid al-Din Attar, turns out to have been known by several titles beginning with abu-, brought the third coincidence to my attention. And since, as noted above, some of the Templars may indeed have been participants in documented Sufi practices, could the charge that the Templars 'worshipped a head called Baphomet' not have had some factual basis, namely the commemoration of a decapitated Sufi martyr whose head became a relic and who had been given the sobriquet abufihamet? The only problem here is that despite all the other abu- titles belonging to Hallaj, there is no known documentation linking him to abufihamet.

Perhaps this documentation does exist (it would be useless to hypothesis that 'perhaps it once existed, but no longer does'), but has not yet come to my attention, and should someone who knows of it ever read this essay, I would be most appreciative to hear of it. Until then, the above thesis, although plausible in my opinion, and hopefully interesting to the reader, remains purely speculative. But if it does turn up, then at last we will have proof positive that the Templars possessed a body of knowledge that would later become known to the Freemasons, regardless of how Freemasonry came to be.

Continued below, the following short bibliography ...

 
Bibliography

~ Attar, Farid al-Din (A.J. Arberry, trans.). _Muslim Saints and Mystics_. New York: Arkana, 1990.

~  Baigent, Michael, Leigh, Richard, and Lincoln, Henry. _Holy Blood, Holy Grail_. New York: Dell, 1982.
~  Case, Paul Foster. _The Tarot: A Key to the Wisdom of the Ages_ (revised edition). Los Angeles: Builders of the Adytum, 1990.
~ Crowley, Aleister. _The Book of Thoth_. York Beach: Samuel Weiser, 1974.
~  The Confessions of Aleister Crowley_. New York: Arkana, 1989.

~  Daraul, Arkon. _A History of Secret Societies_. New York: Citadel Press, 1961.
~ Howarth, Stephen. _The Knights Templar_. New York: Dorset, 1991.
~ Khan, Pir Vilayat Inayat. _Toward the One_. New York: Harper Colophon, 1974.
~ Kohlenberger, John R. III, ed. _The New International Version Hebrew-English Interlinear Old Testament_. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1987.
~ LaVey, Anton Szandor. _The Satanic Bible_. New York: Avon Books, 1969.
~ Levi, Eliphaz (A.E. Waite, trans.). _Transcendental Magic_. York Beach: Samuel Weiser, 1970.
~ Massignon, Louis (H. Mason, ed. & trans.). _Hallaj: Mystic and Martyr_. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994.
~  Partner, Peter. _The Murdered Magicians: The Templars and their Myth. New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1993.
~ Pike, Albert. _Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry_. Charleston: Supreme Council of the Thirty Third Degree for the Southern United States, 1871.

~ Robinson, John J. _Born in Blood: The Lost Secrets of Freemasonry_. New York: Evans, 1989.
~  Dungeon, Fire, and Sword: The Knights Templar in the Crusades_. New York: Evans, 1991.
~  Shah, Idries. _The Sufis_. New York: Doubleday Anchor, 1964.
~ Singh, Kapur. _Mansur Al-Hallaj_. Patiala: Guru Gobind Singh, Department of Religious Studies, Punjabi University, 1970.
~ Waite, Arthur Edward. _Pictorial Key to the Tarot_. New York: Causeway, no date.
~ Frater Baraka invites opinions and support to his thesis. Those wishing to contact the author may write to him at P.O. Box 101722, Pittsburgh PA, 15237 or zentao93@juno.com
 

 
What Is The Atbash Cipher?
 
We have just looked at several theories of the origination and myths of the Templar's god ... here is another ... but there are slight errors in this one as explained to me by one who knows these things.
 
The code of the Atbash Cipher consists in one simple substitution, based on the Hebrew Alphabet. In the code of Atbash, the first letter of the alphabet, Aleph, is replaced with the last one, Taw, the second one, Beth, with the penultimate one, Sin (or Shin), and so on.
 
Baphomet As Applied To The Atbash Cipher
 
Dr. Hugh Schonfield was one of the original researchers examining the Dead Sea scrolls. He was a man interested in the history of the Templars. In particular, the accusations that they worshipped the Baphomet. Believing the Templars may have possessed the knowledge of the Atbash Cipher, he first translated the word Baphomet into Hebrew characters:

The word Baphomet written in Hebrew (Hebrew is read from right to left)

Then applying the Atbash cipher, he rewrote the word again in Hebrew characters revealing a different word and meaning altogether:

When the Atbash cipher is applied we get this reading in Hebrew which is a Greek word Sophia meaning Wisdom (Again letters read from right to left)

If we once again return to the image of a head that the Templars were said to worship. Applying the theory of Dr. Schonfield, that Baphomet was an Atbash cipher of the Greek word for wisdom a couple of possibilities crop up:

In Kabbalistic Lore there is the figure of Adam Kadmon. His bearded head represents the Chokmah of the Kabbalistic Tree of Life. Chokmah is a representation of wisdom. Perhaps the Templars were in possession of knowledge of the Kabbalah.

The Greek Goddess, Sophia is again a representation of wisdom. The Templars were said to possess a gilded image of a woman's head. In fact in the accusations brought against the order by Philip IV, such an item is inventoried to have come from the Paris Temple.

 
 
The Baphomet And The Freemasons
The Albert Pike / Leo Taxil Hoax
 
Perhaps no one aspect of Anti-Masonic practice has fueled religious zeal greater than the hoax perpetrated by Leo Taxil on Albert Pike in the late 1800's. This hoax, still accepted today by those who would condemn Freemasonry, linked the fraternity to Lucifer and Devil worship.
 
1. The Players

2. The Hoax Document

3. Taxil Admits Hoax

4. The Baphomet Connection
 

 
1. The Players
 

Albert Pike (1809-1891) was the Grand Commander of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite (Southern Jurisdiction) a position he was elected to in 1859. To many Freemasons, he is considered to be a Masonic genius, yet to a large number of people he is viewed as a Luciferian, preaching a secret doctrine hidden from the majority of Masons.

Pike wrote a book called 'Morals and Dogma', in which he quoted many philosophical and religious teachers words. It was Pikes belief that, unless you knew the history of a concept, you couldn't grasp the concept itself. It is a book still available today and in the libraries of many Freemasons worldwide. The book has often been criticized and more often misquoted as we will soon see.

Why was such a great man, in the eyes of Freemasons, so disliked outside the craft? The answer is because of a hoax constructed by Leo Taxil and the gullibility of the masses eager to accept it as truth .

Leo Taxil, born Gabriel Antoine Jogand-Pages, was a freethinker who made his living writing pornographic stories in chapter (serial) form. Freethinkers was a term given to those who opposed the authority and dogma of society, especially religious authority.

In addition to his anti-Masonic writings, Taxil also was known for his works opposing Catholicism. Taxil upon petitioning admission to the Masonic lodge, met with opposition of its members, largely due to his reputation as an Anti-Catholic writer. Objections aside, Taxil was made a member for a short time after which he was expelled from the order. Perhaps this expulsion prompted him to write his Anti-Masonic works or perhaps it was his purpose for joining in the first place. In any case Taxil would go on to perpetrate a hoax that has lasted decades.

 

2.
The Hoax Document
 
The following is the form which the bogus quotation usually takes. It was later admitted by Taxil to be a hoax, yet to this day is quoted by those that would use it to slander Freemasonry.

Albert Pike 33°

'That which we must say to a crowd is - We worship a God, but it is the God that one adores without superstition.

To you, Sovereign Grand Inspectors General, we say this, that you may repeat it to the Brethren of the 32nd, 31st, and 30th degrees - The Masonic Religion should be, by all of us initiates of the high degrees, maintained in the purity of the Luciferian Doctrine.

If Lucifer were not God, would Adonay whose deeds prove his cruelty, perdify and hatred of man, barbarism and repulsion for science, would Adonay and his priests, calumniate him?

Yes, Lucifer is God, and unfortunately Adonay is also god. For the eternal law is that there is no light without shade, no beauty without ugliness, no white without black, for the absolute can only exist as two gods: darkness being necessary to the statue, and the brake to the locomotive.

Thus, the doctrine of Satanism is a heresy; and the true and pure philosophical religion is the belief in Lucifer, the equal of Adonay; but Lucifer, God of Light and God of Good, is struggling for humanity against Adonay, the God of Darkness and Evil.'

Instructions to the 23 Supreme Councils of the World, July 14, 1889. Recorded by A.C. De La Rive in La Femme et l'Enfant dans la FrancMaconnerie Universelle on page 588.

 

3. Taxil Admits Hoax
 
On April 17th, 1897, twelve years after Taxil first launched the hoax, he admitted it was just that. Before an assembly at the Paris Geographical Hall, Taxil told the crowd that the last decade plus of Anti-Masonic literature had been falsely stated fabrications. The crowd, who in all likelihood had gathered to hear some new Anti-Masonic revelation was angered to a point where Taxil had to duck out a back exit.

As well documented as his admission of defrauding a gullible public is, the myth of Albert Pike's statement is still used today to slander the fraternity of Masonry.

 

4.
The Baphomet Connection
 
The purpose of Taxil's hoax was to reveal a highly secret Masonic order called the Palladium which only existed in Taxil imagination. Palladium, Taxil claimed, practiced Devil worship, murder and other brutalities of an erotic nature. His works published in 1885 and 1886 were very popular with a public eager to read the horrors of Freemasonry. In his book 'Les Mysteries Franc Maconnerie' Taxil utilized Levi's Baphomet. The cover depicts a group of Masons dancing around Levi's demonic Baphomet depiction. Additionally, the artist added another element of the Baphomet mystery. In the lower left hand of the cover we see a woman holding a severed bearded head. In esoteric tradition dating back three thousand years, there is the image of the 'Mistress or Mother of Blood' believed to be the Baphomet (representing the bride of Satan). The severed head is that of a priest, being representative of the sinister male aspect. The head is said to be severed after sexual union with the Baphomet.

In another Anti-Masonic book of the day we find the image of Levi's Baphomet as connected with the Freemasons. Published in 1894 ,'La Femme et L'Enfant dans la Franc-Maconnerie Universal' (Woman and child in Freemasonry) by Abbe Clarin de la Rive, we find the popular Baphomet seducing a woman on the cover between the pillars of Masonry. In this same book the false Albert Pike quote is used to support (falsely) the authors own Anti-Masonic views. It is no doubt that the covers of these two books created quite a stir with the public of the day.

This type of imagery as false as it is, has prevailed among Fundamentalist Christian groups today, such as Jack T. Chick publisher of 'The Curse Of Baphomet', an Anti-Masonic tract comic book. The Taxil hoax has been thorn in the side of Freemasons for years and is unlikely to go away anymore than the myths surrounding the Knights Templar.

 
 
In any monastic order there must be strict rules and regulations.
 


The Templar Order was no exception. The Commander would call the brethren to hear the charges against an offender and when the accused brother would confess of his fault he was asked to leave the room. At this time the Commander would seek the advice of the brethren in what penance to apply. If his infraction was small or if he was found to be innocent then no penance would be given. If however he was in violation of a major infraction of the rule then he would be later tried by the general chapter.

Below is a list of some of the faults and consequences a brother of the order could face:

 
EXPULSION FROM THE ORDER
 

This was the highest punishment a Templar Knight could face. Upon expulsion of the order he had an obligation to join the Cistercian order (founded by Templar supporter St. Bernard of Clairveux). It was hoped that joining this non warrior monastic order would save the expelled brothers soul.

Below are the infractions to cause such expulsion.

Murdering a Christian

Divulging The Chapters meetings

Committing acts of sodomy

Committing an act of heresy or denouncing the Christian faith

Conspiring, or making false charges, against a Brother

Leaving the Temple house for more than two days without permission

Fleeing the enemy during battle while the Baussant was flying or without permission of the Marshall

 
LOSING ONES COAT (Rank)
 

Losing the coat of the order was a penance of shame. Taken from guilty brother were his coat, weapons and horse. He would also be forced to eat off the floor, do menial tasks and be generally separated from his brethren.

This penance befell any who committed these infractions:

Fought with another brother

Lost or murdered a slave

Killed a pack animal or lost their horse due to their own neglect

Told untruths about themselves

Injured any Christian person out of anger (not by accident)

Had sex with a woman (sex with a man, sodomy, was a much more serious Templar crime)

Threatened to join the Saracens (usually out of madness or anger)

Leaving the Commandary at night in anger

Throwing their Templar coat to the ground in anger

Loaned any Temple assets without permission of the Order

It is important to note that all the above crimes could be forgiven. If a Brother repented with sincerity of his bad actions and, providing the Brethren agreed, he would be restored with his coat and weapons.

 
 
The Templars and their myths.

The Legend Of The Skull Of Sidon

 
The Skull and Cross bones have long been known to have Masonic connections. It was commonly used as a symbol on Masonic Grave sites in the past. The Skull and Crossbones, Masonic or not point out to us all, our own mortality and eventual death. This image of mortality was believed to figure in Templar ritual. Now while this claim in and of itself seems quite believable, one of the legends of how it came to be is not.

It is well known that the order of the Templars were monastic in nature and therefore forbidden to have involvement with women (see Templar Rule of Order). The legend of the Skull of Sidon states that one Templar knight had a relationship with a woman who died. He dug up the woman's corpse and consummated their relationship resulting in a most grisly birth nine months later.

'A great lady of Maraclea was loved by a Templar, A Lord of Sidon; but she died in her youth, and on the night of her burial, this wicked lover crept to the grave, dug up her body and violated it. Then a voice from the Void bade him return in nine months time for he would find a son. He obeyed the injunction and at the appointed time he opened the grave again and found a head on the leg bones of the skeleton (skull and crossbones). The same voice bade him 'guard it well, for it would be the giver of all good things', and so he carried it away with him. It became his protecting genius, and he was able to defeat his enemies by merely showing them the magic head. In due course, it passed to the possession of the Order.'

From The Holy Blood and The Holy Grail
by Michael Baigent, Richard Leigh and Henry Lincoln

According to these same authors this tale can be traced back to a twelfth century author named Walter Mapp, although the story at this time is not connected with the Templar Knights. However, at the time of their trials 1307-1314 CE it was well woven into the Templar legend. In fact it was called upon during the actual trials of the Templars.

Edward Burman in his book 'Supremely Abominable Crimes' tells of an Antonio Sicci, an apostolic notary from Vercelli, Northern Italy. Sicci recounts to the inquisitors the tale of the Lord of Sidon which he claimed he learned while working for the order in the Holy Land. His accusation and recounting of the tale is similar to that quoted in Baigent and Leighf's book.

As loony as this tale seems to modern eyes, it was easily bought during the period. The inquisitors and theologians would have picked up on the fact that the woman of the piece was Armenian by background. This they would have connected with the Armenian Church and its Paulician sects. The Paulicians and the Bogomils were practitioners of Catharism which the church had all but wiped out during the Albigensian Crusade. Since the church believed the Cathari to be practitioners of the Black Mass and necromancy, the woman's Armenian background would make the story guilty by association.

 
On Excommunicated Knights
 
12. Where you know excommunicated knights to be gathered, there we command you to go; and if anyone there wishes to join the order of knighthood from regions overseas, you should not consider worldly gain so much as the eternal salvation of his soul. We order him to be received on condition that he come before the bishop of that province and make his intention known to him. And when the bishop has heard and absolved him, he should send him to the Master and brothers of the Temple, and if his life is honest and worthy of their company, if he seems good to the Master and brothers, let him be mercifully received; and if he should die in the meanwhile, through the anguish and torment he has suffered, let him be given all the benefits of the brotherhood due to one of the Poor Knights of the Temple.

13. Under no other circumstances should the brothers of the Temple share the company of an obviously excommunicated man, nor take his own things; and this we prohibit strongly because it would be a fearful thing if they were excommunicated like him. But if he is only forbidden to hear the divine office, it is certainly possible to keep company with him and take his property for charity with the permission of their commander.

 
On Not Receiving Children
 
14. Although the rule of the holy fathers allows the receiving of children into a religious life, we do not advise you to do this. For he who wishes to give his child eternally to the Order of Knighthood should bring him up until such time as he is able to bear arms with vigor, and rid the land of the enemies of Jesus Christ. Then let the mother and father lead him to the house and make his request known to the brothers; and it is much better if he does not take the vow when he is a child, but when he is older, and it is better if he does not regret it than if he regrets it. And henceforth let him be put to the test according to the wisdom of the Master and brothers and according to the honesty of the life of the one who asks to be admitted to the brotherhood.
 
On Brothers who Stand Too Long in Chapel
 
15. It has been made known to us and we heard it from true witnesses that immoderately and without restraint you hear the divine service whilst standing. We do not ordain that you behave in this manner, on the contrary we disapprove of it. But we command that the strong as well as the weak, to avoid a fuss, should sing the psalm which is called Venite, with the invitatory and the hymn sitting down, and say their prayers in silence, softly and not loudly, so that the proclaimer does not disturb the prayers of the other brothers.

16. But at the end of the psalms, when the Gloria patri is sung, through reverence for the Holy Trinity, you will rise and bow towards the altar, while the weak and ill will incline their heads. So we command; and when the explanation of the Gospels is read, and the Te deum laudamus is sung, and while all the lauds are sung, and the matins are finished, you will be on your feet. In such a manner we command you likewise to be on your feet at matins and at all the hours of Our Lady.

 
On the Brothers' Dress
 
17. We command that all the brothers' habits should always be of one colour, that is white or black or brown. And we grant to all knight brothers in winter and in summer if possible, white cloaks; and no-one who does not belong to the aforementioned Knights of Christ is allowed to have a white cloak, so that those who have abandoned the life of darkness will recognize each other as being reconciled to their creator by the sign of the white habits: which signifies purity and complete chastity. Chastity is certitude of heart and healthiness of body. For if any brother does not take the vow of chastity he cannot come to eternal rest nor see God, by the promise of the apostle who said: Pacem sectamini cum omnibus et castimoniam sine qua nemo Deum videbit. That is to say: 'Strive to bring peace to all, keep chaste, without which no-one can see God.'

18. But these robes should be without any finery and without any show of pride. And so we ordain that no brother will have a piece of fur on his clothes, nor anything else which belongs to the usages of the body, not even a blanket unless it is of lamb's wool or sheep's wool. We command all to have the same, so that each can dress and undress, and put on and take off his boots easily. And the Draper or the one who is in his place should studiously reflect and take care to have the reward of God in all the above-mentioned things, so that the eyes of the envious and evil-tongued cannot observe that the robes are too long or too short; but he should distribute them so that they fit those who must wear them, according to the size of each one.

19. And if any brother out of a feeling of pride or arrogance wishes to have as his due a better and finer habit, let him be given the worst. And those who receive new robes must immediately return the old ones, to be given to the squires and sergeants and often to the poor, according to what seems good to the one who holds that office.

 
On Shirts
 
20. Among the other things, we mercifully rule that, because of the great intensity of the heat which exists in the East, from Easter to All Saints, through compassion and in no way as a right, a linen shirt shalt be given to any brother who wishes to wear it.
 
On Bed Linen
 
21. We command by common consent that each man shall have clothes and bed linen according to the discretion of the Master. It is our intention that apart from a mattress, one bolster and one blanket should be sufficient for each; and he who lacks one of these may have a rug, and he may use a linen blanket at all times, that is to say with a soft pile. And they will at all times sleep dressed in shirt and breeches and shoes and belts, and where they sleep shall be lit until morning. And the Draper should ensure that the brothers are so well tonsured that they may be examined from the front and from behind; and we command you to firmly adhere to this same conduct with respect to beards and moustaches, so that no excess may be noted on their bodies.
 
On Pointed Shoes and Shoe-Laces
 
22. We prohibit pointed shoes and shoe-laces and forbid any brother to wear them; nor do we permit them to those who serve the house for a fixed term; rather we forbid them to have shoes with points or laces under any circumstances. For it is manifest and well known that these abominable things belong to pagans. Nor should they wear their hair or their habits too long. For those who serve the sovereign creator must of necessity be born within and without through the promise of God himself who said: Estote mundi quia ego mundus sum. That is to say: 'Be born as I am born.'
 
How They Should Eat
 
23. In the palace, or what should rather be called the refectory, they should eat together. But if you are in need of anything because you are not accustomed to the signs used by other men of religion, quietly and privately you should ask for what you need at table, with all humility and submission. For the apostle said: Manduca panem tuum cum silentio. That is to say: 'Eat your bread in silence.' And the psalmist: Posui ori meo custodiam. That is to say: 'I held my tongue.' That is, 'I thought my tongue would fail me.' That is, 'I held my tongue so that I should speak no ill.'
 
On the Reading of the Lesson
 
24. Always, at the convent's dinner and supper, let the Holy Scripture be read, if possible. If we love God and all His holy words and His holy commandments, we should desire to listen attentively; the reader of the lesson will tell you to keep silent before he begins to read.
 
On Bowls and Drinking Vessels
 
25. Because of the shortage of bowls, the brothers will eat in pairs, so that one may study the other more closely, and so that neither austerity nor secret abstinence is introduced into the communal meal. And it seems just to us that each brother should have the same ration of wine in his cup.
 
On the Eating of Meat
 
26. It should be sufficient for you to eat meat three times a week, except at Christmas, All Saints, the Assumption and the feast of the twelve apostles. For it is understood that the custom of eating flesh corrupts the body. But if a fast when meat must be forgone falls on a Tuesday, the next day let it be given to the brothers in plenty. And on Sundays all the brothers of the Temple, the chaplains and the clerks shall be given two meat meals in honour of the holy resurrection of Jesus Christ. And the rest of the household, that is to say the squires and sergeants, shall be content with one meal and shall be thankful to God for it.
 
On Weekday Meals
 
27. On the other days of the week, that is Mondays, Wednesdays and even Saturdays, the brothers shall have two or three meals of vegetables or other dishes eaten with bread; and we intend that this should be sufficient and command that it should be adhered to. For he who does not eat one meal shall eat the other.
 
On Friday Meals
 
28. On Fridays, let Lenten meat be given communally to the whole congregation, out of reverence for the passion of Jesus Christ; and you will fast from All Saints until Easter, except for Christmas Day, the Assumption and the feast of the twelve apostles. But weak and sick brothers shall not be kept to this. From Easter to All Saints they may eat twice, as long as there is no general fast.
 
On Saying Grace
 
29. Always after every dinner and supper all the brothers should give thanks to God in silence, if the church is near to the palace where they eat, and if it is not nearby, in the place itself. With a humble heart they should give thanks to Jesus Christ who is the Lord Provider. Let the remains of the broken bread be given to the poor and whole loaves be kept. Although the reward of the poor, which is the kingdom of heaven, should be given to the poor without hesitation, and the Christian faith doubtless recognizes you among them, we ordain that a tenth part of the bread be given to your Almoner.
 
On Taking Collation
 
30. When daylight fades and night falls listen to the signal of the bell or the call to prayers, according to the customs of the country, and all go to compline. But we command you first to take collation; although we place this light meal under the arbitration and discretion of the Master. When he wants water and when he orders, out of mercy, diluted wine, let it be given sensibly. Truly, it should not be taken to excess, but in moderation. For Solomon said: Quia vinum facit apostatare sapientes. ÃÃ ÄÄ That is to say that wine corrupts the wise.
 
On Keeping Silence
 
31. When the brothers come out of compline they have no permission to speak openly except in an emergency. But let each go to his bed quietly and in silence, and if he needs to speak to his squire, he should say what he has to say softly and quietly. But if by chance, as they come out of compline, the knighthood or the house has a serious problem which must be solved before morning, we intend that the Master or a party of elder brothers who govern the Order under the Master, may speak appropriately. And for this reason we command that it should be done in such a manner.

32. For it is written: In multiloquio non effugies peccatum. That is to say that to talk too much is not without sin. And elsewhere: Mors et vita in manibus lingue. That is to say: 'Life and death are in the power of the tongue.' And during that conversation we altogether prohibit idle words and wicked bursts of laughter. And if anything is said during that conversation that should not be said, when you go to bed we command you to say the paternoster prayer in all humility and pure devotion.

 
On Ailing Brothers
 
33. Brothers who suffer illness through the work of the house may be allowed to rise at matins with the agreement and permission of the Master or of those who are charged with that office. But they should say instead of matins thirteen paternosters, as is established above, in such a manner that the words reflect the heart. Thus said David: Psallite sapienter. That is to say: 'Sing wisely.' And elsewhere the same David said: In conspectu Angelorum psallam tibi. That is to say: 'I will sing to you before the angels.' And let this thing be at all times at the discretion of the Master or of those who are charged with that office.
 
On the Communal Life
 
34. One reads in the Holy Scriptures: Dividebatur singulis prout cuique opus erat. That is to say that to each was given according to his need. For this reason we say that no-one should be elevated among you, but all should take care of the sick; and he who is less ill should thank God and not be troubled; and let whoever is worse humble himself through his infirmity and not become proud through pity. In this way all members will live in peace. And we forbid anyone to embrace excessive abstinence; but firmly keep the communal life.
 
On the Master
 
35. The Master may give to whomsoever he pleases the horse and armour and whatever he likes of another brother, and the brother to whom the given thing belongs should not become vexed or angry: for be certain that if he becomes angry he will go against God.
 
On Giving Counsel
 
36. Let only those brothers whom the Master knows will give wise and beneficial advice be called to the council; for this we command, and by no means everyone should be chosen. For when it happens that they wish to treat serious matters like the giving of communal land, or to speak of the affairs of the house, or receive a brother, then if the Master wishes, it is appropriate to assemble the entire congregation to hear the advice of the whole chapter; and what seems to the Master best and most beneficial, let him do it.
 
On Brothers Sent Overseas
 
37. Brothers who are sent throughout diverse countries of the world should endeavor to keep the commandments of the Rule according to their ability and live without reproach with regard to meat and wine, etc. so that they may receive a good report from outsiders and not sully by deed or word the precepts of the Order, and so that they may set an example of good works and wisdom; above all so that those with whom they associate and those in whose inns they lodge may be bestowed with honour. And if possible, the house where they sleep and take lodging should not be without light at night, so that shadowy enemies may not lead them to wickedness, which God forbids them.
 
On Keeping the Peace
 
38. Each brother should ensure that he does not incite another brother to wrath or anger, for the sovereign mercy of God holds the strong and weak brother equal, in the name of charity.
 
How the Brothers Should Go About
 
39. In order to carry out their holy duties and gain the glory of the Lord's joy and to escape the fear of hell-fire, it is fitting that all brothers who are professed strictly obey their Master. For nothing is dearer to Jesus Christ than obedience. For as soon as something is commanded by the Master or by him to whom the Master has given the authority, it should be done without delay as though Christ himself had commanded it. For thus said Jesus Christ through the mouth of David, and it is true: Ob auditu auris obedivit mihi. That is to say: 'He obeyed me as soon as he heard me.'

40. For this reason we pray and firmly command the knight brothers who have abandoned their own wills and all the others who serve for a fixed term not to presume to go out into the town or city without the permission of the Master or of the one who is given that office; except at night to the Sepulchre and the places of prayer which lie within the walls of the city of Jerusalem.

41. There, brothers may go in pairs, but otherwise may not go out by day or night; and when they have stopped at an inn, neither brother nor squire nor sergeant may go to another's lodging to see or speak to him without permission, as is said above. We command by common consent that in this Order which is ruled by God, no brother should fight or rest according to his own will, but according to the orders of the Master, to whom all should submit, that they may follow this pronouncement of Jesus Christ who said: Non veni facere voluntatem meam, sed ejus que misit me, patris. That is to say: 'I did not come to do my own will, but the will of my Father who sent me.'

 
How They Should Effect an Exchange
 
42. Without permission from the Master, or from the one who holds that office, let no brother exchange one thing for another, nor ask to, unless it is a small or petty thing.
 
On Locks
 
43. Without permission from the Master, or from the one who holds that office, let no brother have a lockable purse or bag; but commanders of houses or provinces and Masters shall not be held to this. Without the consent of the Master or of his commander, let no brother have letters from his relatives or any other person; but if he has permission, and if it please the Master or the commander, the letters may be read to him.
 
On Secular Gifts
 
44. If anything which cannot be conserved, like meat, is given to any brother by a secular person in thanks, he should present it to the Master or the Commander of Victuals. But if it happens that any of his friends or relatives has something that they wish to give only to him, let him not take it without the permission of the Master or of the one who holds that office. Moreover, if the brother is sent any other thing by his relatives, let him not take it without the permission of the Master or of the one who holds that office. We do not wish the commanders or baillis, who are especially charged to carry out this office, to be held to this aforementioned rule.
 
On Faults
 
45. If any brother, in speaking or soldiering, or in any other way commits a slight sin, he himself should willingly make known the fault to the Master, to make amends with a pure heart. And if he does not usually fail in this way let him be given a light penance, but if the fault is very serious let him go apart from the company of the brothers so that he does not eat or drink at any table with them, but all alone; and he should submit to the mercy and judgment of the Master and brothers, that he may be saved on the Day of Judgment.
 
On Serious Faults
 
46. Above all things, we should ensure that no brother, powerful or not powerful, strong or weak, who wishes to promote himself gradually and become proud and defend his crime, remain unpunished. But if he does not wish to atone for it let him be given a harsher punishment. And if by pious counsel prayers are said to God for him, and he does not wish to make amends, but wishes to boast more and more of it, let him be uprooted from the pious flock; according to the apostle who says: Auferte malum ex vobis. That is to say: 'Remove the wicked from among you.' It is necessary for you to remove the wicked sheep from the company of faithful brothers.

47. Moreover the Master, who should hold in his hand the staff and rod- the staff with which to sustain the weaknesses and strengths of others; the rod with which to beat the vices of those who sin--for love of justice by counsel of the patriarch, should take care to do this. But also, as my lord St Maxime said: 'May the leniency be no greater than the fault; nor excessive punishment cause the sinner to return to evil deeds.'

 
On Rumor
 
48. We command you by divine counsel to avoid a plague: envy, rumor, spite, slander. So each one should zealously guard against what the apostle said: Ne sis criminator et susurro in populo. That is to say: 'Do not accuse or malign the people of God.' But when a brother knows for certain that his fellow brother has sinned, quietly and with fraternal mercy let him be chastised privately between the two of them, and if he does not wish to listen, another brother should be called, and if he scorns them both he should recant openly before the whole chapter. Those who disparage others suffer from a terrible blindness and many are full of great sorrow that they do not guard against harboring envy towards others; by which they shall be plunged into the ancient wickedness of the devil.
 
Let None Take Pride in his Faults
 
49. Although all idle words are generally known to be sinful, they will be spoken by those who take pride in their own sin before the strict judge Jesus Christ; which is demonstrated by what David said: Obmutui et silui a bonis. That is to say that one should refrain from speaking even good, and observe silence. Likewise one should guard against speaking evil, in order to escape the penalty of sin. We prohibit and firmly forbid any brother to recount to another brother nor to anyone else the brave deeds he has done in secular life, which should rather be called follies committed in the performance of knightly duties, and the pleasures of the flesh that he has had with immoral women; and if it happens that he hears them being told by another brother, he should immediately silence him; and if he cannot do this, he should straightaway leave that place and not give his heart's ear to the peddler of filth.
 
Let None Ask
 
50. This custom among the others we command you to adhere to strictly and firmly: that no brother should explicitly ask for the horse or armour of another. It will therefore be done in this manner: if the infirmity of the brother or the frailty of his animals or his armour is known to be such that the brother cannot go out to do the work of the house without harm, let him go to the Master, or to the one who is in his place in that office after the Master, and make the situation known to him in pure faith and true fraternity, and henceforth remain at the disposal of the Master or of the one who holds that office.
 
On Animals and Squires
 
51. Each knight brother may have three horses and no more without the permission of the Master, because of the great poverty which exists at the present time in the house of God and of the Temple of Solomon. To each knight brother we grant three horses and one squire, and if that squire willingly serves charity, the brother should not beat him for any sin he commits.
 
That No Brother May Have an Ornate Bridle
 
52. We utterly forbid any brother to have gold or silver on his bridle, nor on his stirrups, nor on his spurs. That is, if he buys them; but if it happens that a harness is given to him in charity which is so old that the gold or silver is tarnished, that the resplendent beauty is not seen by others nor pride taken in them: then he may have them. But if he is given new equipment let the Master deal with it as he sees fit.
 
On Lance Covers
 
53. Let no brother have a cover on his shield or his lance, for it is no advantage, on the contrary we understand that it would be very harmful.
 
On Food Bags
 
54. This command which is established by us it is beneficial for all to keep and for this reason.
 

 
What if ...
 
 
Now that we have some insight into this ancient Order of Knights wrongly accused of many things, lets play a game of ... 'What if ...'
 


What if ... there was a lad born sometime within the year 1223, a lad born an Inheritor Vampire, who grew to the age of admittance into the Templars. He joined and took vows and rose in the Order over time.

History took a strange turn and he was one of the Knights in the original founding order to be accused of such crimes. He was instrumental in freeing his brothers when they where set upon and almost captured by those evil men loyal to the Church. And as such was an outcast, excommunicated ...

Now what if ... this Knight, and others, reformed their own Order based on what had come before, and did their best to right the wrongs ... but as time passed their Brothers, all human, grew old and died. A few of these knights where born Inheritors and aged very slowly. One day another of their kind came to them and explained what they where, Vampires. Not the mythological kind but viral in nature.

The fact that they did not look as old as their brothers was attributed to black magic and worship of the Devil by those influenced by the lies of the church in relation to black magic. So this boy, now an adult, left with his companion, also a vampire, and over time they where joined by others who where also knights. And as the decades passed, these Knights formed their own Order and own branches of the Templar organization.

... and so, this ancient Order was brought fourth to modern day, with some of the original members still serving their vows.

 

What if ... this fantastic story where true?

~ ~ ~ End ~ ~ ~

 
 
As ever,
Catherene NightPoe
 
 
I wish to personally thank Mr. Stephen Defoe Creator and Author of the Knight Templars site AHAMOTKT for so graciously allowing us to reprint some of his copy written material within this Class on the Knight Templars.

We have provided you, the student with a Banner Link in the links section of this Vampiric Studies site so you may journey to this site yourselves at your leisure and delve even deeper into the subject, you will also find books, articles and web links in reality to further your studies.

The opinions expressed on this site do not necessarily represent those of Stephen Defoe or AHAMOTKT and that the copyrighted material is provided to further research into the history and Mythos of the Knights Templar.

The information contained within this section and the entire Knights Templar Class excerpted from 'A History and Mythos of The Knights Templar' by kind permission of the author. Copyright (C) 1997,1999 Stephen Dafoe.

The opinions expressed in this section, Vampiric Studies: Knights Templar, are Stephen Defoe's unless otherwise expressed in writing, except for the Knights Templar 'What if ...' section, which was written by the site author: Catherene. (c)copywright 1999 and is expressly and solely her extrapolation.

I, Catherene, nor anyone at Vampiric Studies, have any other connection with the Knights Templar site or other publications.

 
 
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Historical Vampires
 
   
     1.  Introduction 14. Myths Continued
     2.  Classical Vampires 15. Native American Vampire Myth
     3.  Inheritor Vampires 16. The Prophecies
     4.  The Night Timers 17. The Knights Templar
     5.  Genetic Vampires 18. Historical Vampires
     6.  Psi - Vampires 19. Supernatural Vampires
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     9.  Real Hunters 22. The F.A.Q. Page
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